Examining the components of optimal dairy cow nutrition

Examining the components of optimal dairy cow nutrition

The balance between energy and protein in dairy rations influences the nutrient supply and accretion. (Vladimir Zapletin | iStock.com)

A review of the fundamental nutrition criteria for efficient dairy production

Nutritionists, producers, vets and other dairy professionals are well aware of the impact of nutrition, or more specifically, sub-optimal nutrition, on dairy cow productivity. There is a plethora of research, advanced ingredients and rationing tools to try to achieve optimal diets for different stages of the production cycle. A balanced dairy ration is crucial for promoting health and longevity, and is derived from carbohydrates, protein, minerals, vitamins and water — the compounds that drive metabolic processes in the body leading to growth, milk production and reproduction.